The Statute

THE ECOLOGY AND COMMUNITY INITIATIVE

STATUTE

 Based on a sincere pursuit of political involvement and a desire to create a social and inclusive social contract, this statute has a motto:

 “Every citizen has the same right as others to contribute to the constitution of a law or the appointment of the dignitaries, deputies, generals and rulers of the nation” RIGAS VELESTINLIS FEREOS – “The new political leadership of the inhabitants of Romania, Asia Minor, the islands on the Mediterranean, Wallachia and Moldova “, 1797

 SECTION I

The identity, purpose and objectives

 A. Identity and the visual identity of the party

 Article 1

(1) With this document, it established the ECOLOGY AND COMMUNITY INITIATIVE. A movement dedicated to climate change activism, fundamental rights and freedoms, we chose the political party as a form of organization, with the desire to rehabilitate the term and to express clearly the need to put the climate crisis, inequalities/inequities on the public agenda social. 

(2) The name of the party is INITIATIVE ECOLOGY AND COMMUNITY. The name is explained as follows:

· “INITIATIVE” to be in tune with the European Citizens’ Initiative: “Take the initiative! Influencing more of your life-threatening policies. “

· “ECOLOGY” indicates the membership, through the provisions of the 3ECO Program, to the family of the universal ecological movement in general and to the European Green Party in particular.

· “COMMUNITY” indicates the emphasis on the social-community component of the political program.

 (3) The abbreviated name of the party is ECO.

Article 2

(1) ECO is a legal entity governed by public law. ECO operates throughout Romania, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, of the Party Act

as well as with the provisions of this Statute and the regulations adopted on the basis of and for its application.

ECO also carries out activities outside the borders of Romania through discussion groups set up under Section IV of this Statute.

(2) ECO accepted management functions:

  • main administrative functions
  • derived administrative functions

(3) Head administrative functions shall be considered to be the functions of the Chairperson, Vice-President and Secretary-General of the coordination bodies at all levels including the Interim Steering Bodies.

 (4) All other existing or created short term functions are considered to be derived from administrative functions.

 (5) ECO aspires to the position of Romania’s representative of the European Green Party.

 (6) The duration of the party’s functioning is indefinite, although the general conclusion is that the long-term disappearance of political parties as instruments of democracy and manifestation of the political choices of the citizens will be replaced by new and more advanced forms of participation to the life of the city.

 Article 3

(1)       The permanent sign of the party consists of a stylized I in the form of a cut-off parallelogram, slightly inclined to the right of intense green. Overlaid over this graphical sign at the bottom is the ECO acronym, white *.

(2)       The party’s flag has a rectangular shape that conforms to the 3/4 ratio and has the white colour on which the central logo * is applied.

* According to the ECO Visual Identity Manual.

 (3) The elective sign of the party consists of a letter „I” drawn in the form of a cross-section, slightly bent to the right, of intense green colour. Overlaid over this graphical sign at the bottom is the ECO acronym, white.

 (4) The ECO stamp consists of „I” drawn in the form of a parallelogram, slightly bent to the right. Overlaid over this graphical sign at the bottom is the ECO anagram. This graphic sign is inscribed in a circle of the same colour that has the following calligraphic insertion: ECOLOGY AND COMMUNITY INITIATIVE.

 (5) The head office of ECO is: Horea str.4 ap.1 Cluj Napoca, Cluj county, Romania

 (6) The ECO Day is annually celebrated on January 11 under the name of “1101”, in memory of Aaron Swartz, American programmer and activist for digital rights and the freedom of the Internet.

Article 4

The set of rules after which ECO is organized is called the Internal Regulation and Terms (RIOT). A chapter of RIOT will be called the Ethical Code.

B. Purpose and objectives of the party

Article 5

ECO has only one purpose: to promote the principles and values ​​included in the 3ECO Program and the ECO Manifesto on the basis of participatory, open, participatory democratic actions of members coalited and catalyzed for this purpose by the ECO.

Article 6

(1) ECO seeks only political objectives, promotes national values ​​and interests, political pluralism and the principles of direct democracy expressed through a transparent, accountable and inclusive agenda, following closely the values ​​and principles promoted by the European Union.

 (2) In its political action, ECO aims to respect the universal values ​​of human freedom, as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the European Charter of Human Rights.

 (3) The objectives assumed by the ECO are:

a.  Remodelling the market for the benefit of people and the planet

The economic, social and environmental responsibility of businesses will ensure that the business sector respects certain minimum legitimate obligations to society.

 A better regulation and oversight of the financial sector, including a strong focus on law enforcement against financial crime and tax fraud, as well as the appointment of employees representatives on board of directors of companies and public actors in banks’ councils will ensure that financial markets act for the benefit of the people. 

In this way, more effective taxation of business profits (including a digital tax) can be ensured, and the fairness and adequate funding of public policies for collective welfare will be restored.

 There is a need for a social market economy, which no longer outsources environmental costs, to correct systemic inequalities, corruption-induced problems and political thinking in short electoral cycles, or profit gained as quickly as possible.

b. Stimulating democracy

Stimulating democracy through a contract with citizens on “Sustainable democracy for all”, promoting a plan that includes empowering trade unions, civil society, participatory democracy, transparency, full participation of women in economic and political life, upstream regional policies, press and independent justice. 

Public sector entities, as well as private entities working for the public sector, need to be transparent. ECO believes that it is a fundamental right of citizens to access, without explicit justification, all contracts and financial benefits related to the realization of public sector projects and services. Such a transparent approach greatly diminishes corruption. 

c. New equity in income and wages

The dispatch of an action plan for fair pay and a strategy to reduce income inequality through progressive taxation is vital to bringing income inequality to decent levels.

 d. The sustainable and technological transitions do not have to leave anyone behind

The Social and environmental change is in obligation to generate new joint progress for all through a broad-based approach to a fair transition that is systematically applied in all policy areas, in particular with regard to European climate and energy policy, sustainable industrial policies and agriculture. 

Technological changes must be designed in such a way as to avoid other social or territorial inequalities and disturbances. 

Transitions from the old to the new jobs will be promoted through strong social investment and high-quality, accessible and affordable education and training for all.

 e. Solidarity through fair taxation

Building a social-ecological state of well-being and mitigating environmental inequalities is necessary to provide new forms of social protection against the ever-increasing consequences of climate change and the worsening of health damage caused by pollution. Reversing the trend of increasing inequality in wealth and financing poverty-oriented social policy initiatives can be achieved through a European tax on net wealth, a more progressive capital charge and a financial transaction tax.

f. A reorganisation of the state and anti-corruption fight

ECO advocates for generalized and comprehensive legislation to protect the people who reveal issues of public interest, such as corruption, group interests, violations of ethics or human rights. ECO calls for denouncing all pressure exerted by interest groups or lobbyists on political decisions, in order to protect the democratic process indiscriminately and to bring transparency to the source of political decisions.

 g. Removing incorrect barriers to political participation

ECO wants citizens to have a stronger and more direct impact on the political debate and decision-making process, both individually and collectively. 

We call for barrier removal and the participation of new political movements in the elections, such as the requirement to collect a burdensome number of signatures, and the total removal of the electoral threshold.

ECO will be at the core of its concerns for creating a global governance body (eg the UN, the World Economic Forum, etc.) that allows voting for “data of great importance” using the data provided by IM / links to solve major global problems.

The voting system could work similarly to the Reddit platform, where elected voters can “increase” or “drop” an opportunity of great importance. This would be the prioritization mechanism. Highest scores would get the top priority.

Those opportunities that receive “0” or “little” interest will not have validity until a new examination.

This could create jobs for nonprofit, private and public organizations through competition and/or collaboration, allowing for the rapid development of solutions.

This allows us to prioritize and attack key issues such as climate change, with advanced technologies on a global scale. Finally, the policy for this voting body would require a super-vote; which would help to make truly global ethical decisions.

h. A plus of democracy for Europe

ECO calls for the writing of a new European treaty that clarifies and replaces the current treaties and responds to the need for a reform of democracy within the Union, to be accepted by citizens by referendum. 

The current legislative process in the EU is dominated by the executive (European Commission) over the legislature (European Parliament). ECO wants to rebalance power in European institutions, in favour of legislative deliberation.

i. Patents in the informational era

Although designed to stimulate innovation, patents have been a deterrent for most of history. 

Patenting knowledge in areas such as genetics, biotechnology, programming, turns these resources into a highly possible threat to the future of our society. 

Monopoly over plants and seeds, costly legal conflicts about patents often trivial, already demonstrate the undue price that both innovators and consumers have to pay. 

Patent legislation needs to be reformed or replaced by an approach that allows free and fair markets.

Patents have not been created to allow large companies to hinder competition with a growing wave of patents of minor or too general interest.

Therefore, ECO calls for the abolition of patent abuse and the ending of the use of intellectual property in general as a tool of pressure, censorship or practices of economic and legal confiscation against the public interest.

j. Free knowledge

ECO supports the promotion of computer programs that can be used, analyzed, disseminated and modified by anyone. Free programs and Creative Commons licenses are essential to give users control over their own systems and make a significant contribution to enhancing the autonomy and privacy of all users.

 ECO argues that citizens’ data must be processed, managed and secured with free programs whenever possible. Proprietary type programs can only be used as long as free programs can not be used or created effectively for a specific purpose.

 ECO sees innovation as the key to developing cultural and intellectual wealth. We support the education of citizens about their right to information and free formats and programs in all types of education. The results of any research funded, in whole or in part, by public money must be published in scientific journals with free access or by other means which make them easily accessible to the public free of charge.

All data created for public use, regardless of origin, must be available to the general public as long as personal data is not collected without the consent of the persons concerned. Such data should be made available in an appropriate form, which will also include a form for data processing. Access must not be limited by excessive fees, licenses or procedures or by certain technical means.

4) In order to achieve its policy objectives:

– The ECO acts through its representatives in the central and local public administration authorities, the Parliament of Romania and the European Parliament, the Government, any other institutions and bodies in which the party is represented, as well as through permanent dialogue and cooperation with democratic political parties, representatives of the cults, trade unions , Non-governmental groups, with civil society structures and the business environment;

– Organizes debates, information events and campaigns to promote ideas and proposals, including online.

 (5) The ECO favours promoting Romania’s international interests, within international groups and participating in regional and European debates.

 SECTION II.

 Members, rights and duties

 A. Members

Article 8

(1) an ECO member can be:

a. any European citizen who respects the rule of law, democracy and human rights and wishes to join the organization, fulfilling cumulatively the following criteria:

b. has reached the age of 18

c. have the right to vote;

d. it has not been banned by law political association;

e. Support for the principles and values ​​stated by ECO supports the 3ECO / ECO Manifesto Program and undertakes to abide by the ECO’s Statute and Procedures;

 (2)  Members of ECO will not be:

a. People who have incited to the violation of the law, who have expressed extremist political positions or have committed documented acts of discrimination against women and minorities of any kind (racial, ethnic, religious, sexual, etc.) who, through statements or action, human dignity, fundamental rights and freedoms; 

b. Individuals to whom electoral rights have been withdrawn by final and irrevocable court decisions; 

c. Individuals convicted of corruption, economic, service or criminal offences that would prejudice the Group’s reputation; 

d. Individuals who have collaborated or who have been members of repressive institutions;  

(3) ECO is aiming to encourage the participation of women and vulnerable and disadvantaged social groups;  

(4) ECO members may request and transfer to another organization.   

(5) The procedure for admission of members shall be based on a request for adhesion, personal cards and self-declarations completed by the candidate. Their forms are described in the Internal Regulation and Terms (RIOT) and can be found on the www.ieco.ro website.

 The request is addressed to the Local Group Bureau where the applicant wishes to operate, or where there is no local branch, to the County Bureau or the National Bureau, as the case may be. 

Documents may also be submitted in writing or electronically, in accordance with the procedure set out in the RIOT and displayed on the ECO website. The group to which the application for adhesion is addressed will analyze and resolve the application within 10 days and will immediately communicate the applicant’s result.

 (8) Members’ records shall be kept locally and nationally, as appropriate, in compliance with the rules on privacy and protection of personal data, which shall be used only for the purpose of maintaining the ECO record and relationship with its own members.  

 (9) ECO members have the obligation to inform the Group of which they belong, any changes in their situation since the date of registration.   Article 9 Acquisition of membership and termination of membership:

Article 9.

The achievement of membership and ceasing of membership:

(1) The ECO is formed with individuals who adhere freely to the Statute, the 3ECO Program, the ECO Manifesto and the other party documents and who want to contribute to their promotion and application in practice, becoming members of the party.  

(2) The membership may cease by death, resignation, exclusion, registration in another political party or by the loss of civil rights by a definitive and irrevocable sentence.  

Article 10 

The ending of membership: 

Membership can be suspended, for a maximum period of one year, which may be renewed upon request, or disciplinary as a result of a sanction.  

Article 11 

The exclusion may occur as a result:

a. violation of the provisions of the statute;

b. the appearance of a state of fact or of law that attracts the incompatibility with the membership of ECO provided by Art. 14 c. committing acts that cause serious moral or material damage to the party.   

B. Rights  

Article 12 

ECO members have the following rights:

a. the right to express their opinions within the regulatory framework, using constructive dialogue;

b. to participate in the internal activities of the Group and to have political initiative and the possibility of discussing it in an organized framework;

c. to elect and be elected to the governing bodies, in accordance with the provisions of this statute and the internal ECO regulations;

d. to propose and propose candidates on the ECO electoral lists in accordance with the law and the present statute;

e. to freely choose their affiliation with the functional structures of the Group;

f. be informed in a timely and transparent manner about the activity of the governing bodies, the ECO, and the activity of the ECO representatives in the public administration, or parliament;

g. to participate and to express his vote in the General Assembly of the Local Group of which he is a member and in the meetings of all the ECO bodies of which he is a member;

h. to defend itself within the party against any accusation, in accordance with the provisions of the Statute and of the party regulations;

i. to participate in the political training programs organized by the party;

j. to use the material basis of the party to which its position is entitled in its bodies, but only in the interest of the ECO;

k. to be supported to defend against unfair and unfounded external accusations.

C. Duties

Article 13

ECO members have the following duties:

a.   to act for the defence of the sovereignty, unity, independence and territorial integrity of Romania, as well as for strengthening its prestige in the world;

b.  to respect the Constitution and the laws of the country, to respect the norms of public integrity and morals and the Ethical Code of the ECO member, the statute and the decisions taken within the Group;

c.  to contribute to the protection of the environment and to the improvement of the functioning of democracy at all social and political levels and to promote respect for human rights;

d. not to take actions contrary to the political objectives of the ECO; not to prejudice, by taking public positions, the legitimate values ​​or interests of the ECO;

e. to have a moral and dignified behaviour in society, avoiding any elements of language and behaviour that incite hatred, discrimination or violence;

f.  maintain a collegial attitude, respecting the limits of decent language in relation to the other members; any internal dispute will be settled amicably

g.  to maintain the confidentiality of the information with which they have contacted in the activity within or in connection with the ECO if they are confidential.

h.  to pay a monthly membership fee; the payment of the contribution is optional for the following categories: students and students, pensioners, the unemployed, persons with low incomes, persons with disabilities;

i.  to comply with any other obligations established by the members in this statute.

Article 14

(1) The members answer if:

a.  have a public behaviour that harms the environment, or harms human dignity, citizens’ rights and freedoms;

b.  if they do not fulfil their responsibilities assumed within the Group or as its representative in the local or central administration;

c.  does not comply with the obligations stipulated in the Statute, the 3ECO Program;

d.  are criminally convicted by a final court decision for corruption offences, economic, service crimes, deliberately committed with violence or any criminal acts that would harm the party’s reputation, including for acts committed during the mandate held in the local or central administration;

e.  does not represent the Group’s positions in central and local administration honestly.

 (2) ECO members may be sanctioned, by granting the right to opinion and defence, in accordance with a fair procedure specified in the internal regulation of state application, RIOT.

Article 15

The penalties that may be applied to an ECO member may be:

a.  by written warning;

b.  suspension of membership for a fixed period;

c.  removing from office;

d.  withdrawal of political support for the civil service for which he has benefited from ECO political support;

e.  exclusion.

Article 16

Enforcement of sanctions:

(1) The sanctions provided by art. 15 lit. a) and b) can be arranged by the Local Group Office for members without management positions or without public functions or dignities.

 (2) The sanctions provided by art. 15 lit. a), b), c), d) and e) for the members with management positions, or public functions or dignities at local level (communal, city, municipal, sector of Bucharest) can be arranged by the County Group Office, at the proposal or with an advisory opinion from the respective Local Group;

 (3) The sanctions provided by art. 15 lit. a), b), c) d) and e) for the members with leadership positions at county level in the party or public functions or dignities at county level / Bucharest Municipality (eg: county councils) can be arranged by the Coordination Group, at the proposal or with the advisory opinion of the respective County Group.

4) The sanctions provided by art. 15 lit. a), b), c) d) and e) for the members with leadership positions at National level in the party or public functions at national level can be arranged only by the National Council at the proposal of the Coordination Group or with its advisory opinion, as the case.

 (5) The non-payment of the contribution for 6 consecutive months, leads to the legal suspension of membership. The suspension is confirmed by the Local Office, after prior notification to the respective member. Payment of the outstanding contribution leads to the termination of the suspension. The suspension shall be lifted if the member proves the lack of means of payment.

 (6) The ECO member on whom a sanctioning procedure is initiated will be notified in writing of the reasons that triggered the procedure and has the right to defend itself.

 (7) The sanctioned person has the possibility to file an appeal against it, within a period of 20 days, on which the Validation Council will deliberate in a time frame of 30 days from presenting the appeal. The decision of the Validation Council is final.

(8) The loss of membership takes place if:

– the period of contestation has expired,

– as a conclusion to the termination of membership,

–  after the rejection of the appeal.

(9) Until the final resolution of the appeal, the sanction decision produces full effects. If an appeal has been admitted, the governing members of the local, county or, as the case may be, the national governing bodies have an obligation to reestablish the ECO member sanctioned in a non-statutory way, from the date of notification of the decision to admit the appeal.

(10) The decisions of the Validation Council are final at the party level. Only those who have exhausted the internal methods that can appeal to justice.

(11) All sanctions shall be ordered in compliance with the right to defence. 

SECTION III

The Principles of ECO organization.

 Article 17

The organizing principles aim to contribute to the organization of the ECO activities and activities in a manner compatible with the ECO purpose.

  1. Composition
  2. Executive administrative organization

 A. Composition


The ECO commitment is the unification of society beyond barriers, cultures, movements and affiliations by avoiding a federal structure and by minimizing the centralization of ECO activities. In this regard, the ECO adopts the principles of holacracy and has the following composition:

  • Collective Coordination, a single Collective Coordinator (CC) to coordinate all ECO actions
  • The Consultative Group (CG), a collective consultative group
  • All Votes
  • Validation Council (VC)
  • Spontaneous Groups (GRUP), which act locally
  • Municipal, County or National Collective Group (MG, CG and NG)


According to the holacratic model, the sessions will be divided into three types for better problem solving and better organization:

1.  Strategic meetings: define the strategic axis of the ECO and the direction it should take.

2. Organizational meetings: define the organization of the ECO, its structure and tasks.

3. Operational meetings: the good execution and execution of the actions and missions of each one is attached.

Article 18

Collective Coordination (CC)

The proposed coordinating group (hereinafter referred to as the “CC”) will not act as a central committee that only makes politics. Instead,

a.     The CC will coordinate all the activities (for example, Events, Meetings, Campaigns) that are proposed by the Group of Consultants, members, GROUPS or the ECO Validation Council.

b.    The CC will act quickly on events that require a quick response from the ECO (for example, press releases after the fire from the Collective, etc.), always requesting the ex-post approval from the Validation Council.

c.    The CC will recommend disciplinary actions against the Validation Council against members who have seriously violated the principles of the ECO Statute / 3ECO Program / ECO Manifesto.

d.    The CC will consist of twelve members, who will be elected/selected according to art.19.

e.    ECO is a pro-feminist party that promotes gender balance in all its bodies, including the CC.

f.    No member in a public office or in administrative management positions with major responsibilities can attend the CC.

g.    CC members may be compensated for ECO expenses and will receive remuneration in a manner consistent with ECO finances, priorities and principles for work performed for ECO benefit.

h.    The CC will be assisted by several coordinators (eg the communication team coordinator, the ECO volunteer coordinator, the finance and accounts coordinator, the ECO art team coordinator, the Secretary-General, etc.).

j.    The CC will meet once a week (most, but not exclusively by teleconference) and will be chaired by a Collective Coordinator who will be elected on the basis of a system that ensures rotation at least every three months. All the powers regarding the executive administration of the CC are the responsibility of the Secretary-General.

Article 19

The CC election / selection

The initiators who are in the creation phase of the ECO from July 2019 and who, de facto, work daily on organizational issues, propose the first twelve members who will participate in the first CC. ECO members will vote, using ECO’s digital voting platform, to approve or disapprove of this first CC. Within twenty-four months of the formation of the first CC, six election positions will be taken. The remaining six positions will be elected after 12 months by open vote. This way, every year, half of the seats in the CC will be renewed through elections.

•    The elections to the CC will be done electronically, using the digital platform Liquid Feedback on www.ieco.ro.

•    All ECO members will be eligible to vote as long as they have been members for a minimum period of 3 months (which will be approved by the CC with CV validation). This minimum period is used to prevent dishonest registrations before important voting by people who have no interest in promoting ECO objectives but are trying to influence its decisions.

•    All ECO members are eligible to run for CC.

•    For the six CC seats that are put out, each ECO member will be able to vote for up to six candidates from a unique list of candidates. There is no requirement to be nominated by a minimum number of members, and all candidates will be given equal space on IECO.ro to apply.

•    There are no limitations for those applying for the CC.

•    The CC members who are incapacitated, terminated (following a recommendation of the majority of the CC that has been validated by the VC) or who resign will be automatically replaced by the deputies from the electoral round in which they were elected.

Article 20

The Consultative Group (CG)

 If ECO will attract well-known, influential personalities from all over the world: philosophers, artists and opinion-makers, economists and intellectuals, writers and activists who do not want to get involved politically but offer support, they receive the title of Advisor and will be recognized as a group, the Consultative Group.

The counsellors participating in the CG will advise the ECO and facilitate their achievement. Like all ECO members, they will be able to propose actions, campaigns, etc. to the Coordination Group (CC), as well as to the ECO as a whole. They may recommend changes to the 3ECO Program, the ECO Manifesto or the ECO Governance Program, including the appointment of potential CC members. Of course, any such changes must go through the process of change that involves all ECO members.

 Regarding the nomination of the new advisers, any member of the ECO can make suggestions to the CC, which then submits these proposals for approval by the VC. All the tasks regarding the executive administration of the CG are the responsibility of the Secretary-General.

Article.21

All Votes ECO promotes participatory democracy in formulating its policies and practices. Policies at all levels (local, regional, national and pan-European) are approved by general vote (All Voting – VOTE). Whether an initiative or a problem is local, national or international, all members, both in Romania and in the diaspora, must approve it by vote. Policies regarding one of the chapters of the 3ECO Program will be developed and voted on in accordance with the Organizing Principles of the ECO. Other policies, such as the ECO position on any elections or referendum or an issue that does not fall within the text of the 3ECO Program and which is not evident in the Manifesto, are set out as follows:

1. Policy proposals can come either directly from the Coordination Group (CC) or from the ECO member groups that present a policy proposed with the CC.

2. The issue must be made available to members for consultation and discussion.

3. Following this deliberation, the various responses must be collected and synthesized into one or more policy options/proposals which are then submitted to a VOTE. 

If no proposal is supported by 50% of the members with the right to vote plus one, then a vote is organized by which one of the two favourite proposals is chosen. Since the votes of all members are normally held for 7 days and require at least another week during preparation, urgent issues may be subject to a VC vote. The VOTE is organized, assisted and archived by the General Secretary.

Article 22

Validation Board (VB)

Some decisions go beyond the coordinating role of the CC. For example, a press release prepared in a hurry (in response to an extraordinary event), proposals for new members of the advisory group or expulsion of members who violated 3ECO / Manifesto principles. These are not decisions that must be taken by the CC because it requires broader consent and validation.

As these decisions will need to be validated quickly, it will not be possible to mobilize the entire ECO membership for a short-term vote. To this end and in order to stimulate members to consider themselves permanently involved in ECO activities, a Validation Board (hereinafter referred to as “VB”) is established as follows:

•    The VB comprises a maximum of 47 ECO members (41 counties plus 6 sectors in the capital).

•    Any member of the ECO who wishes to be a member of the voting session nominates through www.ieco.ro.

•    Selection is by sorting: a simple algorithm that randomly selects 47 candidates who automatically gain VC membership.

•    The desired algorithm, applicable as far as possible, is that half of the 47 members are women and the other half men (with a provision for members who choose to declare their sex as “others”, in which case they are assigned to one of the two a probability of 50-50).

•    The first term of the VC members lasts one year. After one year, half (24) of the CV members are replaced (again by a random draw among the members who have declared their interest in becoming a VC member). A fresh draw takes place every six months; ensuring that each VC member has a one-year term (except for the inaugural GC members who serve the most) and that half of the VC members are reviewed every six months.

•    VB is not a body that oversees the CC and does not meet independently. The competence area of ​​the VB is to validate, with Yes or No, proposals submitted to the VB by the CC.

• The decisions of the VB are taken by simple majority within the established deadlines.

•    The VB meets digitally, on a special page of www.IECO.ro, and votes through the custom ECO voting platform.

•    The CC is responsible for making available to all VB members, in each issue and in a timely manner, depending on the circumstances, all the information relevant to the VB decision. VB members are not paid because their work is not long-lasting.

The decisions that VB members will be called upon to make are those that refer to:

•    Approval of new advisers

•    Validation of decisions that go beyond the coordination role of the CC

•    Expulsion of members who violate the spirit of the ECO Statute / 3ECO Program / ECO Manifesto

•    Resolving disputes at local, national or European level, at CC’s recommendation

•    Supervision and validation of any process of modification of the 3ECO Program, the ECO Manifesto and/or the Organizational Principles.

The CV will not replace the internal referendums but will help the CC by validating the decisions that need to be taken quickly. Indeed, all members will be consulted on most issues that are not timely (for example, changes to the Organizational Principles, the 3ECO Program, the ECO Manifesto, the membership of the CC or the content of the policy documents). All the powers regarding the executive administration of the CC are the responsibility of the General Secretary.

Article 23

Spontaneous Groups (GRUP)

The emergence of Spontaneous Groups (GRUP) reflects the ideas or practices of self-management and cooperation.

ECO tries to combine self-organization (ie spontaneous horizontal structures) with the vertical integration offered by CC, VB and municipal / county / national authorities. GROUPS embody the dimension of self-organization of movement. ECO members wishing to coalesce in meeting ECO objectives and the principles of the 3ECO Statute / Program / ECO Manifesto may form a GROUP with minimum constraints.

GROUPS self-governed, without having to validate their actions by the CC. Each GROUP chooses one or two coordinators, ideally men and women, who will be responsible for maintaining and communication in  ECO in general, the other GRUPs, the CC and the specific GROUP.

In order to remain efficient and flexible, it is expected that a GROUP will comprise only 5-15 active members. When a GROUP reaches 16 active members, it is encouraged to form a second GROUP meeting in another part of the city or working on another issue, to maintain the agility of small, self-organized groups in which everyone can speak and contribute. A GROUP may not contain more than 50 active members.

Each GROUP will elect from among its members by simple majority vote a Group Coordinator and a Group Secretary; together they will form the Local Group Office. The Group Coordinator is subordinated to the CN, the Group Secretary is subordinated to the General Secretary. 

There are two types of GROUP expected:

(i)     Local GROUPS based on geographical proximity.

(ii)    Thematic GROUPS based on the common interest of their members in the same policy area throughout Europe. The thematic groups may also be geographically specific (eg, including members involved in the Romanian education system) or pan-European (for example, focusing on climate change issues).

Article 24

The GROUP guidelines

(1)    GROUP’s incorporate the self-organizing dimension of ECO. All ECO members can form a GROUP with a few minimum constraints.

The most important constraint is that the GROUP cannot promote causes or values ​​other than those presented in the 3ECO Program / ECO Manifesto and current ECO campaigns. In order to ensure that all GRUP actions are in accordance with them and to manage the public perception of ECO, a GRUP member may not publish any texts/images/videos/actions for the public on their own. He/she must receive at least 5 approvals from ECO members. These 5 may be members of the same GROUP unless a GROUP has previously published questionable material.

(2)   What can a GROUP do?

In essence, everything that will make ECO a success:

a.    To spread ECO ideas (through mass media, internet, events, etc.)

b.    Make policy proposals for local, regional, national or European levels

c.    To collect political recommendations from the people on the ground

d.    To be involved in specific actions to help or educate the locals

e. To attract new members

f. To participate in demonstrations with ECO flags, as long as the theme is in accordance with ECO’s ideas

g. To collaborate with local NGOs for joint actions

h. To organize meetings, debates, presentations, events, campaigns.

(3) What GROUP cannot do:

a. To engage in illegal activities

b. To promote ideas that violate the spirit of the ECO Statute / 3ECO Program / ECO Manifesto or the ongoing ECO Campaigns

c. To collect or spend money outside the system established by the ECO for collecting and spending donations

d. To use the ECO name, logo on platforms or organizations for commercial purposes, including the sale of goods and other products or services to ECO members or others.

e. To promise or support other political organizations and local political candidates, unless the alliance was approved by the CJ. If the majority of the GROUP members consider such an alliance to be important when the CJ does not agree, they can ask the CN or the CC to organize a VOT in this regard.

f. To sign contracts on behalf of the ECO or to undertake actions that will legally engage the ECO g. To organize ECO Assemblies (as opposed to meetings or events, the Assemblies are to be organized by the CC)

h. To represent entire cities, regions, countries or official decision-makers without the ECO CC approval. To clarify that the views expressed are of a specific GROUP and not of the ECO for the entire region/country in which it is located, the GROUPS will use the green background logo with white logo for online public posts, while the organization wider will use a white background with green logo. 

Also, a GROUP will sign all press releases and other materials with their personalized GROUP name (ECO-names) to distinguish them from the messages of elected ECO representatives.

(4)    How to create a GROUP

The updated list of GROUPS can always be found at www.ieco.ro/groupuri-locale/. If a GROUP already exists in a locality, it is encouraged to create another group because each GROUP should have at most 50 active members. A GROUP will informally coordinate with other groups of ECO members interested in the same topic/policy area.  

(5)    The principles of the successful meetings of the GROUP GROUP discussions are the key to empowering members. People become more engaged through the physical act of speaking. In contrast, if people do not speak at all in one meeting or very little, then they become passive and feel powerless. The main purpose of GRUP meetings should be to motivate and empower their members through collective activities that build a collective identity and a common political vision. GROUPS are encouraged to discuss within them, but also within different GROUPS, the rules of engagement including so that members are aware of them from the outset and avoid antisocial and coercive behaviour. 

(6)    The thematic groups usually meet online or, whenever possible, personally, to discuss the policies and activities related to the themes or policy areas that the members have brought together. All the rules and guidelines that apply to local GROUPS also apply to thematic GROUPS.

7)    The thematic GROUPS make proposals around their theme, but they do NOT authorize ECO policies on this subject and they cannot represent ECO on this subject except for internal discussions.

Article 25

Municipal, county and national groups (MG, CG and NG)

Beyond the local and thematic activity of the GROUPS, ECO acts at municipal, county and national level in a way that requires an organization that goes beyond GROUP capacity, for example, conducting campaigns at the level of cities, regions or at the level by country; hiring a national press office and issuing press releases; organizing meetings and putting together policy documents for cities, regions and / or countries.

Article 26

The National Coordination Team (NC)

Once the movement has matured, the CC can propose the establishment of a national collective to take over some of the coordination tasks. The CC proposal must then be validated by the VC.

The NG will comprise a maximum of 47 members (41 counties, plus 6 sectors from Bucharest).

In addition, the NG may appoint persons to assist them with specific tasks. These persons can attend ex officio at the NG meetings.

Initially, a national provisional group will be organized by the CC in consultation with all relevant GROUPS, and the initial list of members will be validated by the CV, but, within 12 months from the selection of this provisional national college, elections should be organized for members. Subsequently, elected members will have a two-year term.

The NC elections will be held using the ECO voting platform and respecting the transnational character of the movement. This means that all ECO members will have the right to participate as voters or candidates in the election of any NG.

To ensure that all the coordinating functions can be performed by the chosen NG, the candidates for the elections will be asked to apply for one of the broad areas (for example, “Communication / PR / Social Media”, “Employment and organization” members “Events and logistics”, “Policy and intelligence development”) or as “general” candidates. Fields and place distribution will be established for each county.

The NG will be granted access to data about ECO members in Romania and the diaspora, in compliance with the GDPR provisions.

NG can sign open letters and participate in national campaigns, as long as it informs CC first.

Article 27

Municipal and county coordination groups

The NG can designate, after consulting the local members of the GROUPS, the municipal and county groups (MG and CG) that coordinate the ECO activities at the level of cities and regions.

Each MG and CG shall elect a Secretary MG / CG, who is directly subordinated to the Secretary-General, by simple majority vote.

NC cannot decide to support or collaborate with other political actors in its country but can explore possible alliances with political actors. However, any such alliance must be proposed CC for validation.

All policy documents coordinated by the NC must be presented to the CC before adoption. All policies that CC approves will require validation by the CV. Whenever the CC opposes any aspect of a political recommendation from the NC, the CC must put the issue in a VOT.

The NC will elect by a simple majority vote a CN Secretary who is directly subordinated to the Secretary-General.

Article 28

Purpose of  MG / CG/ NG

Their purpose is:

a.    Improve communication of ECO policies and activities at municipal / county and national level

b.    Communicating the views of all members and CC

c.    Provision of centralized facilities and resources for local members and GROUP

d.    Facilities for debate

e.    Preparation of voting sessions

f.    Fundraising

g.    Creating ECO links with other political and civic actors, in coordination with the CC

Article 29

The modification process

Amendments to the ECO Statute / 3ECO Program / ECO Manifesto and the Organizing Principles of the ECO must be a carefully designed and implemented process so that the ECO mission and character are not accidentally damaged.

a.    Proposals to amend the 3ECO Program, the ECO Manifesto and the Organizing Principles of the ECO must be signed by at least 10% of the ECO members or at least 15 of the 47 members of the CC.

b.    Once submitted to the CC, the CC commits to present the CV to the proposal.

c.    The CV will be able to accept the CC proposal or send it back to the CC for further refinement – this ability to return the CC proposal can only be exercised only once by a simple majority vote.

d.    The CC proposal, after the completion of the third stage, will be presented to the members in an internal ECO referendum. In order to be accepted, a majority of at least 60% and a minimum participation rate of 50% of all eligible members will be required (the rest can be covered by proxies).

e.    The organizing principles of ECO will be validated annually by the VC. If the VC fails to validate the Organizational Principles, the CC will take note of the members’ criticisms of the 3ECO Program, the ECO Manifesto and the Organizing Principles of the ECO and will recommend changes within six months.

C. Executive administrative organization of ECO

The General Assembly, the Board of Directors and the General Secretary 

Article 30

The General Assembly, the Board of Directors and the General Secretary are subordinated to the NC and VC, having freedom of action in meeting the objectives of the 3ECO Program. The ECO manifesto, this Statute and all CC and VC decisions.

Article 31

The General Assembly (GA)

(1) The General Assembly is composed of all ECO members, present or represented.

a.    Each member has only one voting right.

b.    Each member may delegate the vote of one proxy and each proxy may have one

maximum 10 votes delegated to him.

c.    The General Assembly is chaired by the Chairman of the Board of Directors.

(2) The members shall meet in the ordinary General Assembly at least once a year. The meeting also meets whenever the Board of Directors deems it necessary or at the request of a significant number of members (more than 10%).

(3) The General Assembly shall meet at the place indicated in the Meeting Notice posted on www.ieco.ro and sent by email. The summons will be sent by the Secretary-General to all members by email at least three months in advance and will include the agenda.

(4)  The General Assembly may deliberate only if the members present or

represented are at least fifty per cent plus one of the total number of votes established in art. 31 (1). If this quorum is not reached, a new meeting shall be convened, in accordance with art. 31 (3) but one month in advance and validly deliberate, regardless of the number of members present. The decisions of the General Assembly are taken by a simple majority of the votes present. 

(5) A majority of two-thirds of the total votes is required to adopt resolutions in the case and regarding the following:

a.    amendments to the Statute;

b.    exclusion of any member;

c.    ECO dissolution.

(6) Amendments to the statute shall enter into force only after their approval by the competent legal authority and their publication in the Register of Political Parties

(7) The decisions of the General Assembly will be kept by the Secretary-General in the form of minutes, at the ECO headquarters and will be public.

(8) All the members are informed about the decisions taken by the General Assembly by email.

Article 32

Duties and responsibilities of the General Assembly  

At the recommendation of the NC, the General Assembly will have all the powers, in particular for:

a.    approves the annual accounts and establishes the ECO budget;

b.    determining the amount of the membership fee and any special contribution;

c.    approves the strategic plan;

d.    elect and dismiss the members of the board of directors and grant the discharge of management;

e.    modification of the statute;

f.     excludes all members;

g. ECO dissolves.

Article 33

Board of Directors (BA)

 (1) The ECO is governed by a board of directors with a minimum of 11 and a maximum of 21 members.

The Board of Directors should reflect the geographical and gender balance as well as the balance in terms of expertise and knowledge required by ECO.

The members of the board of directors are appointed, at the proposal of the ECO members, by the General Assembly for a period of four years. The current members of the council are eligible for re-election for a later term.

The members of the Board of Directors may be admitted or rejected by a vote of the General Assembly with a simple majority.

If there is a vacancy on the board of directors, the board of directors provides for the provisional appointment of a new member. This appointment will be presented for ratification at the next General Assembly.

The members of the Board of Directors are not responsible for any ECO obligation. Their liability is limited by the scope of their mandate.

The members of the board of directors cannot obtain any personal profit from their mandate. Their mandate will not be remunerated; their expenses can be reimbursed.

 (2) The Board of Directors (BD) elects from its members a president, a vice-president, a secretary-general and a treasurer.

The General Secretary will be appointed for a period of 5 years, his term of office may be renewed. The Secretary-General attends the meetings without the right to vote; however, in the event of an equal vote, the Secretary-General shall decide by his vote. The Board may suspend or reject the Secretary-General under the conditions provided for in this Statute.

If the position of treasurer remains vacant, it shall be assumed by the Secretary-General.

The AC may set up advisory groups and working groups.

(3)The AC meets at least three times a year.

The convening of the agenda shall be addressed by the Secretary-General to each member of the Board at least one month before the meeting.

The Board may only deliberate if at least half of its members are present or represented by a delegation. Each member of the Board may have a maximum of three proxy votes.

The decisions of the Board are made by a simple majority of the votes present.

The minutes of the council are kept in a register at the ECO headquarters, they are public.

Article 34

Duties and responsibilities of the Board

The CA will meet the ECO objectives. To this end, it shall be vested with all the powers of administration and delegation, in accordance with the mandate of the General Assembly, in accordance with this Statute. THAT:

a. prepares the budget and the accounts and other documents for the General Assembly;

b. supervises the execution of the work program;

c. supports the work of the Secretary-General regarding fundraising and ECO building;

d. supervise any legal action.

Article 35

The General Secretary

(1) The Secretary-General is responsible for overseeing all actions under the logo and on behalf of the ECO. He reports any problems to the CA and CV.

All documents emanating from ECO will be signed by the President or a Vice-President of the Board and the General Secretary.

The Secretary-General represents the ECO in any dispute, both as a plaintiff and a defendant/defendant, with the support of two members of the Board.

The mandate of the Secretary-General will be remunerated with an amount approved by the General Assembly at the proposal of the Board; its expenses will be reimbursed.

(2) The General Secretary shall temporarily hold any vacant position until the appointment of a person validated by-elections in accordance with this statute.

 SECTION IV

Thematic Associative Structures

Article 36

ECO Youth

(1) Represents the platform dedicated to members aged 18-30.

(2) ECO youth can activate at the local or national level and carry out their activity in coordinating the local GROUP or NG, as the case may be;

(3) The platform is represented by a leader selected and designated by a vote on the basis of a project competition by the members of the local GROUP or the NG, as the case may be;

(4) The leader shall make up a designated team of ECO members who adhere to the platform and represent ECO Youth in relation to similar youth organizations.

(5) Any administrative-executive issue of Eco Youth shall be reported to the General Secretary.

Article 37

ECO senior citizens

(1) It represents the platform dedicated to people over 60 years of age.

(2) ECO senior citizens activate at the local or national level and carry out their activity in the coordination of the local GROUP or CN, as the case may be;

(3) The ECO Senior Platform is represented by a leader selected and designated by a vote on the basis of a program provided in the RIOT by the members of the local GROUP or the CN, as the case may be;

(4) The leader represents ECO senior citizens in relation to similar senior organizations.

(6) Any administrative-executive problem of the Eco Seniors shall be reported to the Secretary-General.

Article 38

Speciality Commissions

(1)    The specialized committees represent the functions for debate, analysis and elaboration of regional strategies and fundamental policies of the ECO;

(2)    The specialized commissions are formed at the national level as well as at local level if its the case;

(3)    The specialized commissions are made up of specialized members in the areas  they represent;

(4)    In the works of the Commissions can take part as guests individuals who are not ECO members but have a good reputation in the area of ​​expertise of that certain committee;

(5)    The specialized commissions at the national level issue advisory opinions for the candidates to the functions of Secretary of State and Minister on their area of ​​expertise.

(6)    The areas in which commissions are established as well as the manner of conducting the activity within the specialized commissions are presented in their own regulation, approved by the NG.

SECTION V

Jurisdiction and control bodies.

Article 39

The Arbitration commissions

(1) The arbitration commissions are the National Arbitration Commission and the County Arbitration Commissions respectively of the Municipality of Bucharest.

(2) The members of the arbitration commissions are elected by the CC for the county level respectively of the Municipality of Bucharest and by the NC for the national level, for a term of a maximum of 4 years. At least one of the members should have legal studies.

(3) After the election, the National Arbitration Commission shall elect a chairman, by a secret vote of its members.

(4) The President will correspond with the other governing structures of the party, convene the meetings of the Commission and propose the agenda of the meetings, and shall prepare and submit to the ECO Congress the activity report of the Commission;

(5) The National Arbitration Commission is the body of internal jurisdiction, constituted at national level consisting of 3 members and has the following responsibilities

a.    elaborates the Regulation of the ECO Arbitration Commissions and submits it for approval by the CN;

b.    solves, in compliance with the right of the opinion of all parties and the right to defence, the appeals against the sanctions ordered according to the provisions of art. 16 by the County Group Office / Bucharest Municipality, respectively by the National Office.

c.    solves, the appeals to the decisions of the County Commission / Bucharest Municipality of Arbitration appealed only for reasons of non-observance of the imperative procedural rules of the Arbitration Commissions Regulation;

d.    resolves the differences between the County Groups, respectively of the Municipality of Bucharest, between the County Groups / of the Municipality of Bucharest and the national governing bodies of the ECO, or between the members of the ECO and the national governing bodies of the ECO;

e.    arbitrates the differences between the members of the Group with management or representation functions at the national level with which it is explicitly referred;

6) The notifications and appeals are addressed to the Commission in writing, within 20 days from the date of the fact or issue of the contested act.

 (7) The county arbitration commission is composed of 2 members and has similar responsibilities to the National Arbitration Commission. 

(8) The Arbitration Commission has the obligation, before proceeding to the resolution of an appeal or a dispute, to propose to the parties and to make every effort for their reconciliation through the Arbitration Commission. 

(9) In its deliberations on the notifications received, as well as in the elaboration and drafting of its decisions, the arbitration committee may rule strictly on the observance of the provisions of this statute and of the RIOT procedures in issuing the contested decisions

Article 40

Commission of censors

(1) The Commission of Censors is composed of: the National Commission of Censors and the County Commissions of Censors respectively of the Municipality of Bucharest;

(2) The National Commission of Censors consists of a secretary and 2 members and has the following responsibilities:

a.    exercises financial control and audit activities and verifies the party management at central level;

b.    coordinates the activity of county censors commissions;

c.    draws up an activity report at each Congress;

d.    exercises any attributions provided by law for the committees of censors.

Article 41

The members of the arbitration and control bodies can lose their mandate under the following conditions:

a.    loss of membership;

b.    the impossibility to carry out the tasks for a period greater than 90 days;

c.    by revocation by the body that named/elected him.

SECTION VI

Sources of financing and Asset management

Article 42

(1) The financing of the ECO activity is done strictly in compliance with Law no. 334/2006 regarding the financing of the activity of political parties and electoral campaigns, republished, with subsequent amendments and completions.

(2) The sources of financing of the ECO activity are:

a.    Contributions of party members;

b.    Donations, related and other liberalities;

c.    Income from own activities,

d.    Subsidies from the state budget;

e.    Other sources, according to art. 16 of Law 334/2006 regarding

Financing the activity of political parties and electoral campaigns;

 (3) The opportunity of the expenses necessary for the legal activities, according to the proposed purpose, is decided by the governing bodies on the level of competence according to the statute and the spending of the allocated amounts is made respecting the provisions of the law;

4) The amount of the contributions, their distribution and their destination are established by decision of the National Bureau, in compliance with Article 5 of Law 334/2006 regarding the financing of the activity of political parties and electoral campaigns.

a.    The Local Group office determines the amount of the monthly contribution within the minimum and maximum limits established by the NC.

b.    NC can reduce the amount of the contribution even below limits, for categories of people with low incomes.

c.    NC may establish that a percentage of the proceeds from the contributions shall be returned to the ECO Groups at the national level.

(5) The operations of receipts and payments are performed through accounts in Lei (RON) and foreign currency opened at banks in Romania.

 (6) Donations received from natural and legal persons shall not exceed the ceilings provided by law and upon receipt of donations, the identity of the donor shall be verified and recorded.

a.    Each county organization is empowered to exercise all rights and to carry out all activities permitted by law in the territorial administrative unit in which it is constituted.

b.    Donations whose value exceeds the amount of 50000 RON will be verified by the NC.

 (7) The Finance Coordinator will report regularly to the Secretary-General and the CC and all decisions regarding fundraising and acceptance of funds will be validated by the CC.

 (8) In order to ensure both complete decentralization and full transparency of the ECO payment system, ECO will adopt a digital and transparent payment and donation platform, linking the two. For example, a GROUP in Sibiu will be able to accumulate funds locally, which will enter into the personal bank account – personalized sub-account, while retaining full control of the funds it has collected through the ECO digital payment platform. The payment platform will be:

•     Completely decentralized, without the need for approval, with the exception of representatives of the ECO unit (for example, a GROUP, CC, a national ECO committee) who collected it.

•     Completely transparent, because anyone (even non-ECO members) will be able to visit the site and see who gave the money and how the money was spent.

(9) The revenues of the party may be used for the following purposes: maintenance and endowment of the premises, payment of the employed personnel, trips for organizational purposes, publications, promotion, travel, events, investments in movable and immovable property, the establishment of bank deposits for elections;

 (10) The way of spending and allocating the sums is under the supervision of the management and control structure, and they are verified by the Censors Commissions.

 (11) The financial year is closed on December 31 of each year. The balance will be sent annually to the Ministry of Justice.

 Article 43

(1) The ECO may hold, in accordance with the law, movable and immovable property which is necessary for the accomplishment of its political activity.

(2) In order to attract funds, ECO may conduct commercial activities according to the law

(3) The local and county groups, respectively of the Municipality of Bucharest, have their own financial activity and manage their own patrimony.

SECTION VII

Ethics and transparency

Article 44

This Statute shall be supplemented by the provisions of the Code of Ethics of ECO members, prepared by the Permanent Bureau and approved by the National Council. The Code of Ethics will be part of the RIOT.

 Article 45

(1) In order to respect the right to information of members and citizens and in applying the principles of transparency, ECO will publish on its own site:

a.    Name of persons holding management positions, CV, contact details and public agenda;

b.     The names of the ECO elected representatives will be made public, the CV and contact details;

c.     The balance sheet and the report of the commission of censors;

d.     Report on the activity of the ECO President of the Board;

e.     Calendar of internal and external events in which ECO participates;

 (2) ECO members have access to the names and CVs of the persons employed by the ECO party, employed in the parliamentary offices and parliamentary groups, or as advisers of the ECO elected, in compliance with the legislation regarding the protection of personal data;

(3) The local and county offices may have, on the basis of a request in this regard, access to the minutes of the CC and CN meetings.

SECTION VIII 

The Activity Termination of ECO  

Article 46

The group ceases its activity under the conditions and in compliance with the provisions of the law of political parties. In case of dissolution, whatever the cause, the patrimonial assets remaining after the payment of all debts will be made available for disinterested use.  

SECTION IX 

Final and transitional provisions 

Article 47

(1) This Statute is valid from the moment it is registered in the Register of Political Parties and may be amended in accordance with its provisions and in compliance with the provisions of the law of political parties. 

(2) Until the registration of the new status in the Register of political parties, the party will function based on the existing status.

(4) As a transitional provision, the next ECO General Assembly will take place at the latest in the first quarter of 2020.    

Article 48

The present statute is elaborated on the basis of the Law of the political parties no. 14/2003 and with the Romanian legislation in force, and is complemented by law with its provisions.